ABS Biodiscovery Case in China
Dendrobium nobile, known as Shi Hu in Chinese, is a Orchidaceae species that has been recognize for decades for its unique curative properties. It is cultivated and harvested by Dai People and Hani People at the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, China, and has been used on treatments for diabetes, stomach and kidney disorders, as well as vascular conditions.
The Yunnan Province was chosen as one of the three pilot sites to develop the UNDP-GEF ABS Project “Developing and Implementing the National Framework on Access and Benefit sharing (ABS) of Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge”, implemented by the Foreign Cooperation Office, Ministry of Ecology and Environment.
The local communities, Dai People and Hani People, as providers of the Shi Hu genetic resources associated to traditional knowledge, are to sign formal agreements on ABS and a Prior Informed Consent (PIC) with Ming Ho Trading Co. Ltd, a company that produces, processes and locally commercialize Dendrobium in various forms.
This project enhanced the valorization of local genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge and is expected to bring positive impact on the Dai People and Hani People livelihoods, contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1 (No Poverty), 2 (Zero Hunger), 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) and 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure).
Read more about this biodiscovery case here.