Nature based solutions for sustainable development: Tajikistan´s ABS biodiscovery project
In Tajikistan, the use of medicinal plants is an ancient tradition of the indigenous communities that has been applied for centuries. Among the local herbs, the Ferula Asafoetida stands out for its certain medicinal uses, most commonly as a digestive aid.
A recent example of biodiscovery and application of this sort of traditional knowledge is the pharmaceutical product “Ferubet” invented and developed by Dr. Tojinisso Zubaydova. The invention – made from herbs, ferula gum, resin, root and oil can be used for the prevention and treatment of pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes and diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract and nervous and cardiovascular systems.
This ABS project contributes to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It helps improving Good Health and Well Being (3); by working with communities on their awareness of ABS principles, the project helps them collaborate and form unions, improving Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (SDG 16) as well as Partnerships for the Goals (SDG 17). Given that the UNDP-GEF Global ABS Project places a particular emphasis on accelerating gender equality within the project scope, the project prioritizes work with rural women-headed households (SDG 5, Gender Equality). Finally, it also contributes to SDG 9, Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, since the government aims at securing a royalty stream for Tajikistani researchers, agencies, companies or resource stakeholders, through the retention of intellectual property in downstream commercial products. In the future, the Project will strive to contribute to the implementation of SDG 1 (No Poverty).
Learn more about this ABS biodiscovery case here.